Interpretation of Scores

The scale was developed to assist in clinical assessment, and is not a diagnostic instrument if used on its own. It can provide an indication of whether children are showing elevated levels of anxiety, and should be used in combination with a clinical diagnostic interview if a diagnosis is required. It can also be used to evaluate change over time in response to treatment or prevention programs, and to identify children who are at risk of anxiety problems and who many benefit from early intervention. It is recommended that clinicians read the published paper for further details about the development of the scale and its psychometric properties.

 

Although published data regarding mean values are included in the 2001 published paper, Table 1 below shows the mean scores and standard deviations for each subscale and the total score for ages 3-6 years and for the combined age groups based on a larger sample of Australian preschoolers aged 3-6 years (N= 1368) with data obtained from studies at University of Queensland (Sue Spence and Casey McDonald) and Macquarie University (Ron Rapee,  Michelle Ingram  and Jennie Hudson). 

Although significant age and gender effects are evident (but not age by gender), these are not substantial and not of such magnitude to warrant use of separate T-Scores (see T-score on next webpage). 

In interpreting the scale, it is suggested that a score of 1 standard deviation above the mean for a subscale or the total score would warrant further clinical investigation. A score of 0.5 of a standard deviation above the mean on the total score is indicative of an elevated, but not clinical level of anxiety. 

T scores based on the sample N =  1368  are available on the adjacent webpage.


Descriptive Statistics

GENDER Age (Years)            Mean              SD                 N
 Total anxiety boys 3 23.64 16.01 138
4 19.87 14.96 203
5 18.12 12.70 256
6 23.79 14.27 57
Total 20.32 14.45 654
girls 3 22.06 15.12 132
4 17.73 12.68 199
5 18.39 11.84 295
6 21.26 13.05 88
Total 19.24 12.97 714
Total 3 22.86 15.57 270
4 18.81 13.90 402
5 18.27 12.23 551
6 22.25 13.55 145
Total 19.76 13.70 1368
 Generalised Anxiety boys 3 3.33 3.54 138
4 2.80 3.59 203
5 2.98 3.10 256
6 4.50 3.14 57
Total 3.13 3.38 654
girls 3 2.90 3.06 132
4 2.08 2.54 199
5 2.57 2.53 295
6 3.77 3.10 88
Total 2.65 2.75 714
Total 3 3.12 3.31 270
4 2.45 3.13 402
5 2.76 2.81 551
6 4.06 3.12 145
Total 2.88 3.08 1368
 Social Anxiety boys 3 5.83 4.92 138
4 5.47 4.87 203
5 5.38 4.20 256
6 6.75 4.90 57
Total 5.62 4.64 654
girls 3 6.25 5.80 132
4 5.34 4.90 199
5 5.37 4.25 295
6 6.60 4.76 88
Total 5.68 4.83 714
Total 3 6.03 5.37 270
4 5.41 4.88 402
5 5.38 4.23 551
6 6.66 4.79 145
Total 5.65 4.74 1368
 Obsessive Compulsive Disorder boys 3 2.03 2.72 138
4 1.36 2.16 203
5 1.38 1.87 256
6 2.11 2.60 57
Total 1.57 2.25 654
girls 3 1.73 2.37 132
4 0.88 1.53 199
5 1.14 1.63 295
6 1.50 2.07 88
Total 1.22 1.84 714
Total 3 1.88 2.56 270
4 1.12 1.89 402
5 1.25 1.75 551
6 1.74 2.31 145
Total 1.39 2.05 1368
 Physical Injury Fears boys 3 8.37 4.97 138
4 6.78 4.75 203
5 5.67 4.36 256
6 6.35 4.29 57
Total 6.64 4.71 654
girls 3 7.53 4.81 132
4 6.64 4.63 199
5 6.35 4.41 295
6 5.75 4.53 88
Total 6.57 4.58 714
Total 3 7.96 4.90 270
4 6.71 4.68 402
5 6.03 4.40 551
6 5.99 4.43 145
Total 6.61 4.64 1368
 Separation Anxiety boys 3 4.09 3.76 138
4 3.46 3.44 203
5 2.71 2.78 256
6 4.07 2.97 57
Total 3.35 3.27 654
girls 3 3.64 3.35 132
4 2.79 3.10 199
5 2.96 2.81 295
6 3.64 2.78 88
Total 3.12 3.01 714
Total 3 3.87 3.56 270
4 3.13 3.29 402
5 2.84 2.80 551
6 3.81 2.85 145
Total 3.23 3.14 1368